We know that obesity increases the risk of diseases ranging from heart disease to cancer and diabetes.
However, new research has shown that obese patients with code 19 may be at greater risk from the virus than the average person.
What evidence is available in this regard?
This question has been researched many times and experts are looking for an answer.
According to a study, about 17,000 Code 19 patients who visited hospitals in the UK were obese and had a body mass index (BMI) of more than 30. The study found that such people had a 33% increased risk of dying from the virus.
According to a study by the NHS, obese people are twice as likely to die from the coronavirus. According to researchers, the risk is even higher if research is done on diseases other than obesity, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Of the critically ill people in the intensive care unit in the UK, 34.5% were overweight, 31.5% were obese and 7% were obese. Thus, the rate of healthy BMI was 26% while the rate of obese people was 73%.
Thus, if you look at the total population of the UK, the rate of obese people is 64%, ie 35% of the BMI is between 25 and 29, while 29% is more than 30.
To calculate the body mass index, a person’s weight (kg) is divided by his height (meter square).
The World Obesity Federation has said that the rate of coronavirus patients who are either obese or have a BMI above 25 will be much higher due to the rising rate of obesity globally.
Preliminary research in the United States, Italy and China has shown that obesity can be a risk factor.
In addition, code 19 may have a greater effect on the elderly, men and people who have suffered from various ailments before.
Why does obesity increase the risk of COVID19?
The heavier you are, the more fat you will have and the weaker your lungs will be.
This means that it becomes difficult to supply oxygen to the blood throughout your body. This means that it is more difficult for your body to ensure blood circulation and it puts a strain on your heart.
“Because such people are overweight, they need more oxygen,” said Naveed Sattar, a professor at the University of Glasgow. This means that their physical systems are under more pressure than normal people.
If such a person becomes infected with the COVID19, the situation can be alarming.
Dr. Diane Silaya of the University of Reading says that most of these patients are unable to get blood to various organs, which can lead to their death.
This is why people who are overweight or obese need help with breathing and kidney function.
What is the role of cells in this?
Scientists have discovered an enzyme called S2 that is present in our cells and is a major cause of a virus entering the body.
This molecule is found in large amounts in adipose tissue in the body and this tissue is found more in people who are obese. This tissue is present under the skin and around other organs.
This may be one of the reasons why these people are more likely to get the disease and why they are so sick.
Does Obesity Affect Your Immune System?
In addition, the body’s ability to fight off the virus, called immunity, is slightly reduced in obese people.
Immune cells called macrophages are present in our fat and when they are active they can cause a lot of problems.
According to scientists, they could be a precursor to cytokine storms. A cytokine storm is actually an over-the-counter reaction of the immune system that can sometimes be fatal. This increases the risk of infection in the body which can be dangerous.
According to Dr Diane Silaya, there is a strong possibility that the immune response to the virus is ineffective, which is why people of black, Asian or other minority backgrounds are also obese. Why are they more at risk from this virus?
Are there other issues in this regard?
Obesity can lead to other health problems, including heart and lung weakness and kidney failure or diabetes.
All of these symptoms occur only after a fatal infection such as code 19 affects the body and puts more strain on the body.
This can lead to blood clots or clots, but it is not known why.
How important are hospital facilities?
Obesity is difficult to treat in intensive care because it is difficult to do different scans due to their high weight and also to put different tubes in their body.
Overweight people also find it difficult to move, so it is easier for them to breathe.